What Probiotics Do for Human Health

Today, 20 million Americans suffer from chronic digestive diseases. These include inflammatory bowel disease, type 2 diabetes, and more. Many of these diseases cause immense discomfort in daily life, and they’re influenced by imbalances in the gut microbiome. 

The gut microbiome is the collection of bacteria, fungi, and viruses that naturally live in the digestive system. 100 trillion bacteria call the human gut their home, and their health depends on diet, exercise, and antibiotic use. When humans eat too much sugar, take lots of antibiotics, or don’t move enough, the gut can become unhealthy. Unhealthy guts diminish immune function, cause inflammation, and even harms mental health.

Enter probiotics. Probiotics are live bacteria found in certain foods or supplements. They provide potential health benefits from the way in which they colonize the digestive tract. A common source of probiotics are fermented foods like yogurt, cheese, kombucha, and sauerkraut. Probiotics help fight against disease by modulating immune system responses, producing anti-inflammatory compounds, and stimulating the growth of good bacteria. 

By next year, the worldwide market for probiotics will reach $69.3 billion. Experts agree that probiotics are effective in reducing diarrhea and discomfort, but more research must be done into other claims.

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Source: Nouri