Periodontitis: Types of treatment options available


Periodontitis is seen as the most severe gum disease patients can suffer. Luckily, there are varied treatments, depending on the gravity of the illness and the stage in which the teeth are found. There are numerous dental clinics open for patients in search of proper treatments for periodontitis.


When gingivitis transforms into periodontitis


The first stage of a gum disease is named gingivitis and appears when bacteria attack the gums and the roots of the teeth. Signs of red and swollen gums beside bleeding when brushing the teeth should be sufficient to consider a visit to the dentist. Gingivitis can easily turn into periodontitis, the severe stage of gum disease which affects the teeth until they get lost and fall. This happens because bacteria can reach the roots of the teeth and can transform into plaque and tartar beneath the gums. In this stage, the dentist will propose several dental treatments, surgical, or non-surgical, meant to clean the area and seal back the roots of the teeth.


Treating periodontitis with non-surgical operations


Periodontitis is a common gum disease for which the medicine continues to develop different treatments and preventive methods. The non-surgical treatment for periodontitis is named scaling and root planning or simply SRP. The method involves, under local anesthesia, certain operations to clean out the roots from plaque and tartar and reattach the gums back on the teeth. Such method is used with the help of several dental instruments and even if it might seem uncomfortable, the patient won’t feel any pain, and furthermore, he or she can recover in a fast manner, with rest, a proper diet and other recommendations made by the dentist.


Surgical dental treatments for periodontitis


It is good to know that the advanced level of periodontitis can be treated with surgical treatments. This stage is extremely severe because the patient can lose the affected teeth, without the possibility of saving them. Luckily, a surgical treatment is mandatory in such case and involves the flap surgery to reveal the roots and to eliminate the bacteria and the microbes that affected the denture. Moreover, soft tissue grafts will be added to repair the receding gums and to lift them back on the roots of the teeth, with no signs of bacteria. Without any questions, such surgical dental treatment is made under local anesthesia and after several dental x-rays and check-ups.


What other periodontitis treatments you can receive?


Your dentist will observe if the teeth have suffered modifications due to gum stagnation and periodontitis. In this sense, and right after a dental treatment which can be surgical or non-surgical, the patient can receive gum implants to cover the roots and lift up the gums. Such operation is made under oral sedation or oral anesthesia and the gum soft tissue can be obtained from the palate or from another place in the mouth which seems suitable for such kind of intervention.


As for the home remedies after a treatment for periodontitis, your dentist can give a piece of advice and recommend the following:

  • Avoid hard brushing and use mouth rinses based on fluoride;
  • Adopt a diet based on soft foods;
  • Rest as much as possible for the first days;
  • Schedule post-surgical dental visits.

Periodontitis is a serious illness which cannot be passed by, thinking that plaque and tartar will disappear eventually. On the contrary, your teeth can be extremely affected, with the possibility of losing them, therefore, pay attention to each unusual sign and see the dentist as soon as possible.